How to bake gluten-free bread that tastes great?

| November 27, 2023

When it comes to baking, bread might be the first thing that comes to mind. The aroma of a freshly baked loaf, straight from the oven, is an irresistible temptation for most. But for those with dietary restrictions, or simply a preference for gluten-free options, baking bread is a challenge. How can you create a loaf without the gluten that typically gives bread its structure and chewiness? Fear not, because in this article, we will guide you through a recipe that creates a gluten-free loaf bursting with flavour and possessing a delightful texture. We will explore the ingredients, the dough, and the baking process, ensuring you’re well equipped to bake a fantastic gluten-free bread.

Choosing Your Flour

Gluten-free baking starts with the right flour. Traditional bread recipes use wheat flour, which contains gluten. For gluten-free bread, you will have to use alternative flours such as buckwheat, almond, amaranth, or even a gluten-free blend that you can find in most supermarkets. These flours offer unique flavors that can elevate the taste of your bread.

Developing a preferred flour blend will take some trial and error, but it will be worth the effort. Start with a store-bought blend, and then gradually experiment with adding other flours to see how they change the texture and flavor of the bread. Keep a record of your experiments to help you remember which combinations you liked the best.

The Role of the Yeast

Yeast is a critical ingredient in bread baking. It’s responsible for the fermentation process, causing the dough to rise and giving the bread its characteristic fluffy texture. When making gluten-free bread, the role of yeast becomes even more essential.

The yeast will work with the gluten-free flours and other ingredients to create a dough that rises well and has a good texture. To ensure the best results, remember to proof the yeast, which involves dissolving it in warm water with a bit of sugar. This step will guarantee that your yeast is active and ready to do its job.

Preparing the Dough

Preparing gluten-free dough may feel a little different than traditional dough. Since there’s no gluten, the dough will be wetter and stickier. This texture is perfectly normal and necessary for gluten-free bread baking.

Start by mixing your dry ingredients together in a large bowl. Then, in another bowl, combine the wet ingredients. Gradually add the wet mixture to the dry mixture, stirring until well combined. The dough needs to be mixed until it is smooth and shiny. This process should take about five to ten minutes with a mixer, or about 15 minutes by hand.

Baking the Bread

Once your dough is ready, you will need to let it rest to allow the yeast to do its work. This process, known as proofing, should take about an hour in a warm location. The dough will double in size during this time.

After proofing, you will transfer the dough to a lightly greased loaf pan. Smooth out the top with a spatula or your hands, dampened with water to prevent sticking.

Bake in a preheated oven for about 35-45 minutes, or until the top is golden brown and a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. If you notice the top of the bread getting too dark, you can cover it with a piece of aluminum foil.

An Easy Gluten-Free Bread Recipe

Now that we’ve explored the basics of gluten-free bread baking, let’s put it all together in a simple recipe. This bread recipe uses a blend of flours for a deliciously complex flavor and a soft, satisfying texture.


  • 2 cups gluten-free flour blend
  • 1 cup almond flour
  • 1/2 cup buckwheat flour
  • 1 tablespoon xanthan gum (this helps give the bread structure in the absence of gluten)
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 packet (about 2 1/4 teaspoons) active dry yeast
  • 1 1/4 cups warm water
  • 3 eggs
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar (this helps the bread rise)


  1. In a large bowl, combine the flours, xanthan gum, salt, and sugar. In another bowl, dissolve the yeast in the warm water and add a pinch of sugar, then let stand for 5 minutes until foamy. This step proofs the yeast and ensures it’s active.
  2. To the yeast mixture, add the eggs, oil, and vinegar. Whisk to combine.
  3. Gradually add the wet ingredients to the dry, mixing until smooth. The dough will be wetter and stickier than regular bread dough.
  4. Transfer the dough to a greased loaf pan and smooth the top with a wet spatula or hands. Cover and let rise in a warm place for about an hour, or until doubled in size.
  5. Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C). Bake the bread for 35-45 minutes, until the top is golden and a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. If the top is browning too quickly, cover with foil.
  6. Remove the bread from the oven and let it cool in the pan for 10 minutes, then turn it out onto a wire rack to cool completely.

And there you have it, an easy to follow recipe for a delicious, gluten-free bread. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different flours and flavors – who knows, you might just stumble upon your new favorite bread recipe. Happy baking!

The Importance of Xanthan Gum and Other Ingredients

The uniqueness of gluten-free bread baking doesn’t stop with the flour. The absence of gluten, the protein which provides structure, elasticity, and volume, means that substitutes are needed. One such substitute is xanthan gum.

Xanthan gum is a common ingredient in gluten-free baking. It serves as a binder, adding volume and viscosity to the dough. It helps mimic the elasticity and texture of gluten, making your gluten-free bread more similar to traditional bread. On average, you need about one teaspoon of xanthan gum per cup of gluten-free flour.

Another ingredient worth noting is apple cider vinegar. This adds acidity to the dough which helps activate the baking powder, making your bread rise better. Alternatively, you can use lemon juice or white vinegar.

You might also want to add some psyllium husk to your bread recipe. Psyllium husk is a form of fiber that acts as a binder, similar to xanthan gum. It helps give your gluten-free bread a soft, bread-like texture.

Furthermore, using room temperature ingredients is crucial in baking, especially when using yeast. Yeast reacts best at room temperature and might not activate properly if other ingredients are cold.

Finally, remember to use a stand mixer if you have one. Gluten-free dough is usually stickier than regular dough, which makes it harder to mix. A stand mixer makes the job much easier and ensures all ingredients are evenly combined.

Gluten-Free Bread Machine Recipes

If mixing and kneading aren’t really your thing, or if you’re a busy bee with little time, consider using a bread machine. They are straightforward to use and do all the hard work for you. All you need is to add your ingredients and push a few buttons, and you’ll have a freshly baked loaf in no time.

There are plenty of gluten-free bread machine recipes out there. For these recipes, you’ll need gluten-free flour blend, instant yeast, xanthan gum, and the rest of the usual suspects like eggs (or egg whites), sugar, and salt. Remember to also add a little fat to your recipe, like oil or dairy-free butter, to prevent the bread from drying out.

Most bread machines have a gluten-free setting nowadays, but if yours doesn’t, don’t worry. You can use the basic setting, but remember to remove the dough after the first rise and before the second kneading cycle. Gluten-free bread generally only needs one rise.

Experiment with your bread machine and don’t be afraid to try different bread recipes. Remember, you’re aiming for a bread that’s crunchy on the outside and soft on the inside. Happy gluten-free baking!

Conclusion: The Art of Gluten-Free Baking

Baking gluten-free bread is not as daunting as it might seem. With the right ingredients and techniques, you can make a delicious, gluten-free loaf that rivals traditional bread. The keys to success are choosing the appropriate gluten-free flour, understanding the role of the yeast, and preparing the dough correctly.

Remember that xanthan gum is essential to mimic the elasticity of gluten, and apple cider vinegar will help activate the baking powder, ensuring your bread rises nicely. Make use of a bread machine for easier, fuss-free baking, and don’t forget to experiment with different bread recipes and flour blends.

Ultimately, gluten-free baking is an art. Like any form of art, it requires patience, practice, and a willingness to explore and experiment. But with time, you’ll become a master gluten-free baker, able to whip up a delicious loaf at a moment’s notice. So don your apron and start baking. Your perfect gluten-free sandwich bread awaits!

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